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basics:passive_house_checklist

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basics:passive_house_checklist [2019/01/16 15:01]
cblagojevic
basics:passive_house_checklist [2019/02/21 09:52] (current)
cblagojevic
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   * Good public transport connections ​   * Good public transport connections ​
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   * South-oriented main facade (± 30°) and large south-facing window areas   * South-oriented main facade (± 30°) and large south-facing window areas
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   * Avoid shading in order to utilise [[planning:​thermal_protection:​windows:​requirements_for_windows|passive solar energy]]   * Avoid shading in order to utilise [[planning:​thermal_protection:​windows:​requirements_for_windows|passive solar energy]]
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   * Shade-free vegetation   * Shade-free vegetation
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   * Are compact building shapes possible? Buildings in rows are advantageous.   * Are compact building shapes possible? Buildings in rows are advantageous.
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   * Compact building structure; avail of the possibilities for building extensions   * Compact building structure; avail of the possibilities for building extensions
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   * Glazing areas facing south are optimal, windows facing east/​west/​north should be kept small.   * Glazing areas facing south are optimal, windows facing east/​west/​north should be kept small.
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   * Avoid shading (no or minimal shading in winter from parapets, porches, balconies, roof overhangs, partitions etc.)   * Avoid shading (no or minimal shading in winter from parapets, porches, balconies, roof overhangs, partitions etc.)
 +
   * Simple structure of envelope surface (preferably without dormers or recesses etc.)   * Simple structure of envelope surface (preferably without dormers or recesses etc.)
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   * Layout: keep installation zones together (e.g. bathroom over or next to kitchen), taking into account necessary ventilation ducts   * Layout: keep installation zones together (e.g. bathroom over or next to kitchen), taking into account necessary ventilation ducts
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   * Separation of any existing basement level: airtight and free of thermal bridges   * Separation of any existing basement level: airtight and free of thermal bridges
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   * ⇒ Use [[http://​www.passiv.de/​en/​05_service/​01_literature_online-order/​00_literature-links/​02_phpp.htm|PHPP]] (Passive House Planning Package) to set up the energy balance of the building. The SketchUp plugin [[http://​www.designph.org/?​language=en|designPH]] allows a quick 3-D data entry. ​   * ⇒ Use [[http://​www.passiv.de/​en/​05_service/​01_literature_online-order/​00_literature-links/​02_phpp.htm|PHPP]] (Passive House Planning Package) to set up the energy balance of the building. The SketchUp plugin [[http://​www.designph.org/?​language=en|designPH]] allows a quick 3-D data entry. ​
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   * Application for [[http://​www.passiv.de/​en/​03_certification/​02_certification_buildings/​02_certification_buildings.htm|Passive House certification]] to the Passive House Institute or [[http://​www.passiv.de/​en/​03_certification/​02_certification_buildings/​03_certifiers/​01_accredited/​01_accredited.php|another certifier accredited by the PHI]].   * Application for [[http://​www.passiv.de/​en/​03_certification/​02_certification_buildings/​02_certification_buildings.htm|Passive House certification]] to the Passive House Institute or [[http://​www.passiv.de/​en/​03_certification/​02_certification_buildings/​03_certifiers/​01_accredited/​01_accredited.php|another certifier accredited by the PHI]].
 +
   * Check out and apply for Passive Houses subsidies by the Development Loan Corporation (KfW), for example   * Check out and apply for Passive Houses subsidies by the Development Loan Corporation (KfW), for example
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   * Include planning of the insulation thicknesses for the building envelope   * Include planning of the insulation thicknesses for the building envelope
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   * Avoid [[basics:​building_physics_-_basics:​thermal_bridges:​thermal_bridge_definition|thermal bridges]]   * Avoid [[basics:​building_physics_-_basics:​thermal_bridges:​thermal_bridge_definition|thermal bridges]]
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   * Include planning of building services   * Include planning of building services
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   * Layout: short pipes (for hot water, cold water, waste water) and short [[planning:​building_services:​ventilation:​the_ventilation_system_-_there_is_no_alternative|ventilation]] ducts   * Layout: short pipes (for hot water, cold water, waste water) and short [[planning:​building_services:​ventilation:​the_ventilation_system_-_there_is_no_alternative|ventilation]] ducts
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   * Cold air ducts outside of the envelope; warm ducts within the envelope   * Cold air ducts outside of the envelope; warm ducts within the envelope
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   * [[planning:​thermal_protection:​don_t_save_on_the_insulation|Highly insulated standard constructions]] (standard: U ≤ 0,15 W/(m²K); aim for U = 0,1 W/(m²K))   * [[planning:​thermal_protection:​don_t_save_on_the_insulation|Highly insulated standard constructions]] (standard: U ≤ 0,15 W/(m²K); aim for U = 0,1 W/(m²K))
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   * ⇒ Thermal bridge free connection details: calculation or thermal bridge free design   * ⇒ Thermal bridge free connection details: calculation or thermal bridge free design
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   * ⇒ [[planning:​airtight_construction:​general_principles:​principles_for_improving_airtightness|Airtight connection details]]   * ⇒ [[planning:​airtight_construction:​general_principles:​principles_for_improving_airtightness|Airtight connection details]]
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   * Window optimisation (type of glazing, superior frame, glazing ratio, solar protection)   * Window optimisation (type of glazing, superior frame, glazing ratio, solar protection)
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   * ⇒ Calculation of the specific energy demand; use the [[planning:​calculating_energy_efficiency:​phpp_-_the_passive_house_planning_package|Passive House Planning Package (PHPP)]]   * ⇒ Calculation of the specific energy demand; use the [[planning:​calculating_energy_efficiency:​phpp_-_the_passive_house_planning_package|Passive House Planning Package (PHPP)]]
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   * Ductwork: cold air ducts should not be located inside the building envelope; if this is unavoidable then they should be very short and very well-insulated. Warm air ducts should not be located on the outside of the envelope, if this is unavoidable,​ then these should be very short and extremely well-insulated.   * Ductwork: cold air ducts should not be located inside the building envelope; if this is unavoidable then they should be very short and very well-insulated. Warm air ducts should not be located on the outside of the envelope, if this is unavoidable,​ then these should be very short and extremely well-insulated.
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   * Short, smooth-walled ducts; flow velocities ​ 3 m/s; include measurement and adjustment devices; acoustic protection; fire protection   * Short, smooth-walled ducts; flow velocities ​ 3 m/s; include measurement and adjustment devices; acoustic protection; fire protection
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   * Air outlets: avoid short-circuiting of air flows; throw distance of nozzle; possibility of adjustment   * Air outlets: avoid short-circuiting of air flows; throw distance of nozzle; possibility of adjustment
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   * Extract air outlets: should not be positioned above heaters (if present)   * Extract air outlets: should not be positioned above heaters (if present)
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   * Transferred air openings should be dimensioned to Δp ≤ 1 Pa    * Transferred air openings should be dimensioned to Δp ≤ 1 Pa 
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   * Ventilation:​ central unit, for example, selected from the range of certified units in the [[http://​www.passiv.de/​komponentendatenbank/​en-EN|component database]]. Please note: Certified components are __not__ mandatory for certified buildings, but they make it easy to ensure the performance mets the requirements.   * Ventilation:​ central unit, for example, selected from the range of certified units in the [[http://​www.passiv.de/​komponentendatenbank/​en-EN|component database]]. Please note: Certified components are __not__ mandatory for certified buildings, but they make it easy to ensure the performance mets the requirements.
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   * Position heat exchanger near the thermal envelope; ideal installation locations are in the envelope or in the basement.   * Position heat exchanger near the thermal envelope; ideal installation locations are in the envelope or in the basement.
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   * Post-heating coils inside the warm envelope   * Post-heating coils inside the warm envelope
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   * Possibly additional insulation of central unit and post-heating coils   * Possibly additional insulation of central unit and post-heating coils
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   * Heat recovery rate ≥ 75%; airtight (recirculated air < 3%); electrical efficiency (< 0,4 Wh/​m<​sup>​3</​sup>​)   * Heat recovery rate ≥ 75%; airtight (recirculated air < 3%); electrical efficiency (< 0,4 Wh/​m<​sup>​3</​sup>​)
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   * Adjustability;​ acoustic insulation; highly insulated device casing   * Adjustability;​ acoustic insulation; highly insulated device casing
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   * Adjustment of the ventilation system: User-controlled "​low",​ "​normal",​ "​high";​ Possibly additional switch in kitchens, bathrooms and toilets for use when required.   * Adjustment of the ventilation system: User-controlled "​low",​ "​normal",​ "​high";​ Possibly additional switch in kitchens, bathrooms and toilets for use when required.
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   * Extractor hoods: high rate of extraction with low volumetric flow; grease filter   * Extractor hoods: high rate of extraction with low volumetric flow; grease filter
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   * Subsoil heat exchanger optionally   * Subsoil heat exchanger optionally
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   * Airtightness;​ cold pipe sections should be kept at a distance from the house; bypass (summer)   * Airtightness;​ cold pipe sections should be kept at a distance from the house; bypass (summer)
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   * Plumbing and hot water: short pipes, well-insulated,​ within the envelope   * Plumbing and hot water: short pipes, well-insulated,​ within the envelope
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   * Plumbing, cold water: short pipes, normally insulated against surface condensation   * Plumbing, cold water: short pipes, normally insulated against surface condensation
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   * Insulate fittings for hot water and heating   * Insulate fittings for hot water and heating
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   * Water-saving taps; hot water connections at washing machines and dishwashers   * Water-saving taps; hot water connections at washing machines and dishwashers
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   * Waste water: short pipes (only one downpipe), roof vents (preferable) or insulated vent pipe   * Waste water: short pipes (only one downpipe), roof vents (preferable) or insulated vent pipe
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   * Plumbing and electrical installations:​ avoid penetrations in the airtight building envelope as far as possible; where this is unavoidable,​ ensure airtightness!   * Plumbing and electrical installations:​ avoid penetrations in the airtight building envelope as far as possible; where this is unavoidable,​ ensure airtightness!
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   * Use energy-saving household appliances (it is useful to make an inventory for the PHPP)   * Use energy-saving household appliances (it is useful to make an inventory for the PHPP)
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   * Carry out quality control for the entire ​ building services   * Carry out quality control for the entire ​ building services
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   * ⇒ [[construction:​quality_assurance:​thermal_bridges|Absence of thermal bridges]]: Schedule for quality assurance on site   * ⇒ [[construction:​quality_assurance:​thermal_bridges|Absence of thermal bridges]]: Schedule for quality assurance on site
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   * ⇒ Insulation work: Uninterrupted insulation layers; avoid hollow spaces   * ⇒ Insulation work: Uninterrupted insulation layers; avoid hollow spaces
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   * ⇒ Airtightness:​ Check connection details as long as they remain accessible   * ⇒ Airtightness:​ Check connection details as long as they remain accessible
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   * ⇒ Airtightness:​ Carry out the [[planning:​airtight_construction:​general_principles:​blower_door_test|airtightness test]] during the construction period!   * ⇒ Airtightness:​ Carry out the [[planning:​airtight_construction:​general_principles:​blower_door_test|airtightness test]] during the construction period!
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   * When? As soon as the airtight envelope has been formed but is still accessible, i.e. before interior finishing (coordination with other disciplines!)   * When? As soon as the airtight envelope has been formed but is still accessible, i.e. before interior finishing (coordination with other disciplines!)
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   * How? n<​sub>​50</​sub>​ test using e.g. BlowerDoor; including leak detection   * How? n<​sub>​50</​sub>​ test using e.g. BlowerDoor; including leak detection
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   * ⇒ Penetrations:​ airtight   * ⇒ Penetrations:​ airtight
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   * Ducts: install these in a clean state, seal carefully   * Ducts: install these in a clean state, seal carefully
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   * Central unit: accessibility of the filter for replacement;​ acoustic insulation   * Central unit: accessibility of the filter for replacement;​ acoustic insulation
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   * Check insulation of ducts (where necessary)   * Check insulation of ducts (where necessary)
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   * ⇒ Calibration of the air flows during normal operation   * ⇒ Calibration of the air flows during normal operation
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   * Measurement of supply air and extract air flows; adjustment of balance; adjustment of supply air and extract air distribution;​ measurement of the electrical power consumption.   * Measurement of supply air and extract air flows; adjustment of balance; adjustment of supply air and extract air distribution;​ measurement of the electrical power consumption.
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   * ⇒ Check: airtight penetrations   * ⇒ Check: airtight penetrations
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   * ⇒ Check: thermal insulation of pipes   * ⇒ Check: thermal insulation of pipes
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 **10. Certificate** **10. Certificate**
  
-  * Receive the certificate and certification booklet for your [[http://​www.passiv.de/​en/​03_certification/​02_certification_buildings/​02_certification_buildings.htm|”Certified Passive House”]] from the Passive House Institute or other certifier accredited by the PHI. +  * Receive the certificate and certification booklet for your [[http://​www.passiv.de/​en/​03_certification/​02_certification_buildings/​02_certification_buildings.htm|”Certified Passive House”]] from the Passive House Institute or other certifier accredited by the PHI. 
 + 
   * Install the [[http://​www.passiv.de/​en/​03_certification/​02_certification_buildings/​05_wallplaque/​05_wallplaque.html|"​Certified Passive House" wall plaque]]   * Install the [[http://​www.passiv.de/​en/​03_certification/​02_certification_buildings/​05_wallplaque/​05_wallplaque.html|"​Certified Passive House" wall plaque]]
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   * Participate at the [[http://​www.passivehouse-international.org/​index.php?​page_id=262|International Passive House Days]]\\ \\   * Participate at the [[http://​www.passivehouse-international.org/​index.php?​page_id=262|International Passive House Days]]\\ \\
  
basics/passive_house_checklist.txt · Last modified: 2019/02/21 09:52 by cblagojevic